March 22 in aviation: failed test of the experimental aircraft Kaibo Gikai KB, 106 world records set by Antonov An-225 Mriya.
On March 22, 1926, during the seventh test flight at Taura Beach (Yokosuka, Japan), the experimental Kaibo Gikai KB aircraft was seen gliding with both engines stopped. The glide was followed by a vertical dive, and the aircraft hit the water, killing all four people on board. The cause of the accident was attributed to a malfunction of the flight control system.
Other aviation events on March 22.
A KLM plane crashed near Frankfurt.
On March 22, 1952, a Douglas DC-6 aircraft, registered with PH-TBJ and operated by KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, crashed into a forest while approaching Frankfurt International Airport in Germany. There were only three survivors of the 47 people on board the aircraft.
A Douglas DC-6 aircraft hit a rock in Honolulu.
On March 22, 1955, a Douglas DC-6 aircraft, part of the United States Navy, struck a rock in Honolulu, Hawaii, killing all 66 people aboard the aircraft. It was the worst air disaster in Hawaii's history.
Flight 676 of Avianca crashed shortly after takeoff from Bogota airport.
On March 22, 1965, Avianca Flight 676, a Douglas C-47 (DC-3) aircraft crashed into Mount Sugar Loaf shortly after takeoff from Columbia's Bogota-Eldorado Airport at an altitude of 2.200 m. All 29 passengers on the plane were killed. The reason for the accident was a pilot error, because the pilot continued to fly according to the visual flight rules (VFR), in unfavorable weather conditions.
The first flight of the Lockheed CP-140 Aurora aircraft.
On March 22, 1979, the first flight of the Lockheed CP-140 Aurora aircraft took place, a maritime patrol aircraft operated by the Royal Canadian Air Force. The aircraft is based on the Lockheed P-3 Orion cell, but has the electronic suite of the Lockheed S-3 Viking. "Aurora" refers to the Roman goddess of dawn who flies over the sky every morning before the sun. Aurora also refers to the Northern Lights, which is prominent in northern Canada and the Arctic Ocean. The CP-140A Arcturus was a related variant used primarily for pilot training and coastal patrol missions.
The first flight of the Valmet PIK-23 Towmaster aircraft.
On March 22, 1982, the first flight of the Valmet PIK-23 Towmaster took place. It was a Finnish towing aircraft, built entirely of composite materials in the early 1980s.
The Finnish Technology Students' Aviation Club (PIK) suggested in the 1970s that a new glider towing aircraft should be developed. The work focused on improving a previous design, PIK-19 Muhinu. Later, the Helsinki University of Technology and Valmet Oy joined the project and the design process started from scratch. The aim was to develop a glider, which could also be used for basic training. It was named the "PIK-23 Towmaster".
Only two aircraft were manufactured, one at Valmet and one at the Helsinki University of Technology. The first aircraft, the OH-TOW, made its first flight on March 22, 1982, with Mikko Järvi at the helm of the aircraft. The second aircraft, OH-TUG, flew the following year. Valmet sold the aircraft intensely, but no orders followed. It was also investigated whether the aircraft could be sold in parts, for self-assembly, to lower the price. In its role as a glider, the PIK-23 was quite successful.
Launch of the Columbia STS-3 spacecraft.
On March 22, 1982, the Columbia STS-3 spacecraft was launched at 16:00:00 UTC. The highlights of the mission were the R&D flight, but also the first and only landing at White Sands, New Mexico.
The Antonov An-225 Mriya aircraft set a total of 106 world records.
On March 22, 1989, an aircraft Antonov An-225 Mriya set a total of 106 world and class records during a 3-hour, 30-minute flight. The aircraft was carrying a Buran orbiter, and the total takeoff weight was 508.200 kilograms (1.120.400 lbs).
Launch of the Space Shuttle Atlantis STS-76.
On March 22, 1996, the Atlantis STS-76 Space Shuttle was launched at 3:13:04 am EST (UTC −5). The main mission of the spaceship was to dock the Shuttle-Mir.
Aviastar's 1906 flight crashed near Moscow.
On March 22, 2010, Aviastar-TU Flight 1906, which operated a Tupolev Tu-204 RA-64011 cargo aircraft, crashed near Moscow's Domodedovo International Airport. The aircraft was completely destroyed, this being the first loss of an aircraft for both Aviastar and Tupolev.