The 9 most beautiful castles in Romania.
In today's article we talk about Romania and the famous castles. Before we travel the world, I think it is best to visit the country where we live. Romania has been blessed by God and has endowed it with mountains, hills, flowing waters, openness to the sea, delta, unique landscapes, wonderful places that you fall in love with as you see them.
Unfortunately, the same cannot be said of those who administer this country and these natural beauties. Others would give anything to have such riches and we kind of make fun of them. But let's not be sad! I invite you to walk around the castles in Romania.
The Royal Castle from Săvârșin, Arad
Owned by the royal family returned to King Mihai, Săvârșin Castle was built in the 1948th century by the Hungarian noble family Forray. The building was destroyed during the 6 Revolution and rebuilt in neoclassical style. The castle, together with the Savârsin estate where we find a lake and a park of over 1943 hectares, was bought in 1948 by King Mihai. In XNUMX, this area was confiscated by the authorities, at which time the building was divided into residential apartments.
Since 2001 it has returned to the royal family property. After the restitution, the king gave up the old furniture, the gardens were rebuilt so that both the castle and its surroundings look like in 1943. In May 2007 the restoration works began which lasted over 8 years, until October 2015. They took place according to an initial plan made by the architect of the Royal House, Șerban Sturdza.
Bran Castle, Brașov.
Bran castle is one of the most known and visited castles in Romania, next to Peles Castle. He entered the tourist circuit as Dracula's Castle, although Vlad Țepeș, the ruler of Wallachia, never lived in Bran. It was initially transitory for military purposes, after which the fortress underwent changes, and in 1920 it was transformed into a castle by Queen Maria.
It functioned for a long time as the "State Museum", but in 2006 it was returned to Dominic of Habsburg, the rightful heir. The castle had been donated to the Habsburg family by Queen Mary. They renovated the castle, restored it and reopened it to the public, starting in 2009.
Peles Castle, Sinaia.
In 1873, the foundation stone of Peles Castle was laid, at the initiative of King Carol I of Romania. At the same time, the king decided that the town of Podu Neagului be renamed Sinaia. The works were led by three architects: Johannes Schultz, Carol Benesch and Karel Liman.
From 1914 to 1947, the castle was used for official visits. In 1948, it was confiscated by the communists, who decided to close it, and the heritage assets were inventoried. Part of the goods was transferred to the Art Museum in Bucharest. The castle was returned to King Michael in 2007 and remained open to the public to visit.
Cantacuzino Castle, Busteni.
The foundation stone of the castle was laid in 1901, on the site of an old cottage, which belonged to the Cantacuzino family. 10 years later, the construction of the castle was completed, according to the plans of the architect Grigore Cerchez. Prince Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino, descendant of the Byzantine emperors Cantacuzino, was the largest landowner in Romania, holding a social status similar to that of King Carol I.
At the time of the inauguration of Cantacuzino Castle, it had all the modern conditions: electricity, running water and telephony. In 1948, the Castle was nationalized and became a TB sanatorium during communism. During this period it underwent important changes, the architecture being modified and the paintings destroyed. It was not until 2004 that he was returned to the descendants of the Cantacuzino family, who sold him, 4 years later, to a foreign company. Using European funds, the company restored it and reopened it to the tourist circuit in 2010.
Corvin Castle, Hunedoara.
Also called the castle of Corvineşti or Huniazilor, the medieval fortress of Hunedoara is one of the most important monuments of Gothic architecture in Romania. The castle was built in the 10th century by Ioan de Hunedoara. It is considered one of the most beautiful castles in the world, being located in the "top XNUMX fairytale destinations in Europe".
In recent years, the Corvin Castle in Hunedoara has enjoyed a wide appreciation, especially among foreign tourists. Maybe that's because it was the place where many commercials and movies were filmed which made him known internationally. Thus, the former residence of Iancu de Hunedoara entered the top of the most beautiful castles in the world, next to Bran Castle.
Făgăraș Fortress, Făgăraș.
The fortress first appeared in official documents in 1455, but its construction began as early as the end of the 4th century, on the site of an old wooden and earth fortification, from the 1534th century. Three centuries later, 1540 corner towers were added to the fortress for a better defense, and in the following century Stefan Mailat, the voivode of Transylvania between 1528 -1541 and owner of the fortress between XNUMX-XNUMX, transformed the defense fortress into a a castle.
From the 1613th century, the fortress became the residence of Mihai Viteazul, who gave it to his wife. The princes of Transylvania Gabriel Bethlem (1629-1630) and Gheorghe Racozi I (1648-XNUMX) gave the shape and dimensions of the fortress, as we see it today.
Banffy Castle, Cluj Napoca
Since 2013, the castle is known as Electric Castle, being the venue of the music festival of the same name. The castle was set on fire and looted during the war, transformed during communism. It was not maintained, being used as a warehouse for construction materials. In 1999, the castle entered the "List of the 100 most endangered sites in the world." Years later, Prince Charles of Great Britain took him under his care and supported his restoration.
The unique architecture of the castle, which combines several styles - Baroque, Renaissance, Romanesque and Neo-Gothic - is so spectacular that it was called "Versailles of Transylvania", being known as "the most haunted place in Romania". Ghosts are said to be the spirits of those who died during World War II, when the building was a military hospital.
Bethlen Haller Castle, Alba
If the name "Bethen Haller" doesn't tell you anything, then "Jidvei" will surely catch your eye. The castle is currently used by the Jidvei wine company, which means that a visit to the castle will come with a wine tasting. The castle had a complicated history, its property passing from one ruler to another.
King Matthias Corvinus donated the castle to Transylvanian voivode Pongrácz János. After the death of János, the castle came into the possession of Stephen the Great of Moldavia as a fief. Later, after Stefan's death, the castle came into the possession of his son, Bogdan Voda. Years later, by decision of the Diet, Petru Rareș, as a supporter of King Ferdinand I, lost the castle in 1538, and in 1565, it will be destroyed.
In 1622, Bethlen Gábor's younger brother, Bethlen István, ordered the construction of the rectangular castle that we can admire today, with cylindrical corner towers on the site of an old mansion. According to several owners, the castle was bought in 1758 by Bethlen Gábor from the Treasury. In exchange, in 1764, the castle became the property of Gábor's brother, Miklós, who built a new staircase, destroyed the city wall, and ordered the addition of a chapel, stables, and a gate (which was destroyed in 1972). In 1884, the estate became the property of Count Haller Jenő, who won the castle at a card game. In the battles of 1944, the castle walls were damaged, and the castle became a granary and office building in the 50s.
In the 70s, the building was purchased by Jidvei's factory and operated as a champagne department within IAS Jidvei. After 1989, the castle was claimed and returned to the Haller family, from which it was bought by the Necşulescu family. Through an extensive restoration process, which aimed to remove previous interventions and highlight the original architecture and simplicity of the spaces, the Necșulescu family brought the castle back to light, turning it into a precious symbol of Jidva.
Iulia Hasdeu Castle, Campina
"Iulia Hasdeu" Castle is an architectural whim in the shape of a castle, built between 1894 and 1896, to commemorate Iulia Hasdeu, daughter of Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu. She died at the age of 18 of tuberculosis. The young woman was considered a genius, being the first Romanian to graduate from the Sorbonne in Paris.
The first sketch of the castle, drawn by Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu himself, can be found on a sheet of a spiritualist manuscript dating from September 3, 1893. Visitors crossing the museum can admire portraits, Hasdeu family objects, photographs and original documents, old furniture. , manuscripts and collections, princeps editions of the scholar's books, as well as paintings signed by famous painters such as Nicolae Grigorescu or Diogene Maillart. Also, an important place is occupied by the spiritualistic preoccupations of BPHasdeu.
I hope you enjoyed this article and I instilled in you the desire to travel.