March 8 in aviation: world records, plane crashes and space explorations.
On March 8, 1933, the pilot Gustave Lemoine broke two world speed records on a 1000 km route, weighing 500 kg and 1000 kg, respectively.
In this attempt Lemoine was accompanied by MM. Espinat and M. Degraine, commissioner and timekeeper of the “Aero-Club de France”. The flight was made with a plane belonging to the Potez company, powered by a Gnome-Rhône motorcycle, a Mistral-Major model capable of providing a power of 700 horses. With a load of 1000 kilograms, it reached an average speed of 281.250 km / h.
Other aviation events on March 8.
The first woman receives a pilot's license.
On March 8, 1910, the French aviator Raymonde de Laroche became the first woman to receive a pilot's license.
The first flight of the Sikorsky H-34 helicopter.
On March 8, 1954, the first flight of the Sikorsky H-34 helicopter took place.
The Sikorsky H-34 is a military helicopter powered by a piston engine, originally designed by the American aircraft manufacturer Sikorsky. It was used as an anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter in the United States Navy.
H-34s have served, especially as medium means of transport, in 25 countries. He was present at the battles that took place in Algeria, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua and throughout Southeast Asia. It was used to rescue flood victims, recover astronauts, fight fires and transport presidents.
It was the last piston-powered helicopter to be operated by the United States Marine Corps, being replaced by turbine helicopters such as the UH-1 Huey and the CH-46 Sea Knight. A total of 2.108 H-34 helicopters were manufactured between 1953 and 1970.
Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport was inaugurated.
On March 8, 1974, it was inaugurated Charles de Gaulle International Airport from Paris.
The planning and construction phase of what was then known as the Aéroport de Paris Nord (Paris Nord Airport) began in 1966. On March 8, 1974, the airport, renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, was opened.
Terminal 1 was built in an avant-garde design of a ten-storey circular building, surrounded by seven satellite buildings, each with six gates that allow sunlight to enter through openings. The main architect was Paul Andreu, who also dealt with expansion in the following decades.
Following the introduction of the Paris Aéroport brand at all its Paris airports, Groupe ADP has announced major changes to Charles de Gaulle Airport: terminals 2B and 2D have been merged.
A new automatic baggage sorting and transport system under Terminal 2E Hall L has been installed to speed up baggage delivery time for airlines operating in the Paris-Charles de Gaulle hub. CDG Express, the direct express rail link from Paris to Charles de Gaulle Airport, is scheduled to be completed by 2023.
Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery STS-102.
On March 8, 2001, the Space Shuttle Discovery STS-102 was launched at 06:42 EST. The main missions were the assembly flight of the ISS 5A Destiny lab.
Flight MH370 Malaysia Airlines disappeared from radar.
On March 8, 2014, the Boeing 777-200ER (9M-MRO) belonging to Malaysia Airlines disappeared from radars two hours after taking off from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. There were 239 people on board the plane (227 passengers and 12 crew members).
Initially, the authorities had announced that The flight is NOT he had disappeared about an hour after taking off from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. But according to military sources, after losing contact with civilian radars, the Malaysian army had detected the passenger plane hundreds of kilometers from the declared route.
"The plane changed direction to the Kota Bharu area and flew at low altitude. He had reached the area of the Straits of Malacca ".