The 10 busiest cities (metropolises) in the world
According to the most recent United Nations report on the populations of large cities, by 2030, urban areas are projected to host 60% of people globally. Unone of the three people will live in cities with at least half a million inhabitants.
Growing, both in size and number, cities are economic, political, trade and transport hubs. In 2021, the world's 20 largest cities will host half a billion people. In fact, one in five people around the world live in a city of over 1 million people.
We chose to talk about the top 10 busiest cities in the world, in fact the busiest metropolitan areas. The top depends on the number of inhabitants living in the central and metropolitan area. Tokyo is the largest city globally, with a total of over 37 million inhabitants. But most of the world's most populous cities are in China and India.
We have 5 metropolises in China: Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing, Tianjin and Guangzhou. We have 3 metropolises in India: Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. The largest city in South America is Sao Paulo, Brazil, with 22 million people. On the next two positions we find Mexico City and Buenos Aires. Surprisingly, but in this ranking we do not have cities in North America. Let's see the 10 busiest cities in the world!
Osaka, Japan - 19.110.616 inhabitants
Osaka opens the top of the largest metropolises in the world. It is a city in the Kansai region of Honshu, Japan. Osaka is the capital of Osaka Prefecture and the largest component of the Keihanshin metropolitan area, with over 19 million inhabitants.
Osaka was traditionally considered the economic center of Japan. Until the Kofun period (300–538), it developed into an important regional port, and in the 1603th and 1867th centuries it briefly served as the imperial capital. Osaka continued to flourish during the Edo period (1889-XNUMX) and became known as a center of Japanese culture. After the restoration of the Meiji, Osaka expanded greatly in size and underwent rapid industrialization. In XNUMX, Osaka was officially transformed into a municipality.
Osaka is an important financial center of Japan. It hosts the Osaka Stock Exchange, as well as the multinational electronic corporations Panasonic and Sharp. Famous landmarks in Osaka include Osaka Castle, the Great Sumiyoshi Taisha Altar and Shitennō-ji, the oldest Buddhist temple in Japan.
Mumbai, India - 20.667.656 inhabitants
Mumbai is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the center of the Mumbai metropolitan area. The city stretches from the Konkan coast to the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbor. In 2008, Mumbai was named the alpha city of the world.
It has the largest number of millionaires and billionaires in all cities in India and is home to three UNESCO World Heritage sites: Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminal and the city's distinctive Victorian and Art Deco buildings.
For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and later to the East India Company. In 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and, as part of his dowry, Charles received the ports of Tangier and the Seven Islands of Bombay.
In the middle of the 1845th century, Bombay was remodeled by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook the recovery of the area. Together with the construction of major roads and railways, the recovery project, completed in XNUMX, transformed Bombay (Mumbai) into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea.
Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India. It is also one of the top ten trading centers in the world in terms of global financial flow. It generates 6,16% of India's GDP and represents 25% of industrial production. It owns 70% of India's maritime trade (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT) and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. The city is home to some of India's leading scientific and nuclear institutes, the Bollywood and Marathi film industries.
Beijing, China - 20.896.820 inhabitants
Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is located in northern China and is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban and rural districts. Beijing is largely surrounded by Hebei Province, except for its southeastern neighbor Tianjin. Together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji megalopolis and the region of China's national capital. Beijing is a global city and one of the most important centers in the world for culture, diplomacy and politics, business and economics, education, language and science and technology. A megacity, Beijing is the second largest city in China, in terms of urban population, after Shanghai and is the cultural, educational and political center of the nation.
It is home to most of China's largest state-owned companies and hosts the world's largest number of Fortune Global 500 companies, as well as the world's four largest financial institutions by total assets.
Beijing is the "billionaire capital of the world" with the largest number of billionaires living in the city. It is a major hub for national highways, highways, railways and high-speed rail networks. Since 2016, the city's subway network is the busiest and longest in the world.
Beijing Daxing International Airport, Beijing's second international airport, is the largest single-structure airport terminal in the world.
Combining both modern and traditional style architecture, Beijing is one of the oldest cities in the world, with a rich history dating back three millennia. As the last of China's Four Great Ancient Capitals, Beijing has been the country's political center for most of the past eight centuries. With the mountains surrounding the inner city on three sides, in addition to the old inner and outer walls of the city, Beijing was strategically prepared and developed to be the residence of the emperor and thus was the perfect location for the imperial capital.
The city is famous for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls and gates. It has seven UNESCO World Heritage sites - the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace, the Ming Tombs, the Zhoukoudian and parts of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal - all of which are popular tourist destinations. Siheyuanas, the city's traditional housing style and hutongs, the narrow alleys between Siheyuan, are major tourist attractions and are common in Beijing.
Cairo, Egypt - 21.322.750 inhabitants
Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt. The Cairo metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in the Arab world, the second largest in Africa and the sixth largest in the world. Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous pyramidal complex of Giza and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area.
Located near the Nile Delta, Cairo was founded in 969 AD. during the Fatimid dynasty, but the land that made up the present city was the site of the old national capitals whose remains remain visible in parts of the old Cairo.
Cairo has long been a center of political and cultural life in the region and is called the "city of a thousand minarets" for the preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo is considered a global city with a "Beta +" rating.
Today, the Egyptian capital has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the second oldest institution in the world of higher education, Al-Azhar University. The Arab League has been based in Cairo for most of its existence. Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. Another 9.5 million people live in the immediate vicinity of the city. Cairo, like many other megacities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. The Cairo subway is one of only two subway systems in Africa (the other being in Algiers, Algeria) and ranks among the fifteen busiest subway systems in the world, with over 1 billion annual trips.
Dhaka, Bangladesh - 21.741.090 inhabitants
Dhaka, formerly known as Dhaka, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh, as well as the largest city in the Bengal region. Dhaka is the economic, political and cultural center of Bangladesh and is one of the major cities in South Asia, the largest city in Southeast Asia and among the countries of the Bay of Bengal and one of the largest cities in the ICO countries.
The Dhaka area has been inhabited since the first millennium. The city became prominent in the 75th century as the provincial capital and commercial center of the Mughal Empire. Dhaka was the proto-industrialized capital of Mughal Bengal for 1608 years (39–1660 and 1704–XNUMX). Being the center of the muslin trade in Bengal, it was one of the most prosperous cities in the world.
Mughals decorated the city with well-appointed gardens, tombs, mosques, palaces and forts. The city was once called the Venice of the Orient.
Under British rule, the city saw the introduction of Western-style electricity, railways, cinemas, universities and colleges, and a modern water supply.
It became an important administrative and educational center in the British Raj, as the capital of East Bengal and Assam Province after 1905. In 1947, after the end of British rule, the city became the administrative capital of East Pakistan. It was declared the legislative capital of Pakistan in 1962. In 1971, after the war of liberation, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh.
Dhaka is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of Bangladesh and accounts for up to 35% of Bangladesh's economy. The city is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in Bangladesh. Dhaka is an important beta-global city. The Dhaka Stock Exchange has over 750 listed companies. The city hosts over 50 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of BIMSTEC. The city's culture is known for its richness, cuisine, art festivals and religious diversity. The old town is home to around 2000 Mughal and British-occupied buildings, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra and Choto Katra caravans.
Mexico City, Mexico - 21.918.936 inhabitants
Mexico City is the capital and largest city of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centers in the world. It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus of central Mexico, at an altitude of 2.240 meters (7.350 ft). The city has 16 subdivisions known as boroughs or demarcaciones territoriales. Mexico City has a GDP of $ 411 billion in 2011, making it one of the most productive urban areas in the world.
The city was responsible for generating 15.8% of Mexico's GDP, and the metropolitan area accounted for about 22% of the country's GDP.
The capital of Mexico is both the oldest capital in America and one of the two founded by the natives. The city was originally built on an island in Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 under the name Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed during the siege of Tenochtitlan in 1521 and later redesigned and rebuilt according to Spanish urban standards.
In 1524 the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, and in 1585 it was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City).
Mexico City was the political, administrative, and financial center of much of the Spanish colonial empire, and after gaining independence from Spain, the federal district was created in 1824.
After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were finally given the right to elect both a head of government and representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly in the 1997 elections. Since then, left-wing parties have controlled them both.
The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on demand, a limited form of euthanasia, innocent divorce, and same-sex marriage. On January 29, 2016, it ceased to be the Federal District and is now officially known as Mexico City, with a greater degree of autonomy.
However, a clause in Mexico's constitution prevents it from becoming a state within the Mexican federation because it is the seat of power in the country, unless the country's capital should be moved elsewhere.
São Paulo, Brazil - 22.237.472 inhabitants
São Paulo is a municipality in the southwestern region of Brazil. The metropolis is a global alpha city and the most populous city in Brazil, America, the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, São Paulo is the largest Portuguese-speaking city in the world. The municipality is also the fourth largest city in the world, according to population.
The city is the capital of the surrounding state of São Paulo, the most populous and richest state in Brazil. He has strong international influences in trade, finance, arts and entertainment.
With the largest GDP economy in Latin America and the southern hemisphere, the city is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange. Paulista Boulevard is the economic core of the city of São Paulo. The city has the 11th highest GDP in the world, representing alone 10.7% of the total Brazilian GDP and 36% of the production of goods and services in the state of São Paulo, hosting 63% of the well-known multinationals in Brazil.
The city has cultural, economic and political influence at national and international level. It hosts monuments, parks and museums. We mention the Latin American Memorial, Ibirapuera Park, Ipiranga Museum, São Paulo Art Museum and Portuguese Language Museum. The city hosts events such as the São Paulo Jazz Festival, the São Paulo Art Biennale, the Brazilian Grand Prix, São Paulo Fashion Week, the ATP Brasil Open, the Brazil Game Show and the Comic Con Experience.
The LGBTQ Pride parade in São Paulo rivals New York's Pride march. This is the biggest LGBTQ pride parade in the world.
Shanghai, China - 27.795.702 inhabitants
Shanghai is one of four municipalities administered directly in the People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council. The city is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze River, with the Huangpu River flowing through it. It is the most populous urban area in China and a global center for finance, research, technology, production and transportation.
Shanghai Port is the busiest container port in the world.
Originally a fishing village and market town, Shanghai grew in importance in the XNUMXth century. And this is thanks to the internal trade, as well as from the outside and its favorable position of the port.
The city was one of five treaty ports forced to open to European trade after the first opium war. The Shanghai International Agreement and the French concession were subsequently established. The city then flourished, becoming the first commercial and financial center of Asia in the 1930s. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the site of the most important battle of Shanghai.
After the war, with the takeover of mainland China in 1949, trade was limited to other socialist countries, and the city's overall influence waned.
In the 1990s, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping a decade earlier led to an intense redevelopment of the city, especially the new Pudong area, helping to recoup foreign finances and investment. The city has since reappeared as a center for international trade and finance.
It is home to the Shanghai Stock Exchange, one of the largest stock exchanges in the world by market capitalization and the Shanghai Free Trade Zone, the first free trade zone in mainland China. As of 2020, Shanghai is ranked as Alpha + City and is ranked as the 3rd most competitive and largest financial center in the world, after New York and London.
It has the largest subway network in the world, the second largest billionaire in the world and the fifth largest scientific research production in the world and high-ranking educational institutions.
The city is famous for its Lujiazui, museums and historic buildings, including God City Temple, Yu Garden, China Pavilion and buildings along the Bund. Shanghai is also known for its sweet cuisine, distinctive local language and vibrant international flair. Being an important international city, Shanghai hosts numerous national and international events every year. We remember Shanghai Fashion Week, the Chinese Grand Prix and ChinaJoy. In 2018, Shanghai hosted China International Import Expo (CIIE). It was the first national import-themed exhibition in the world.
Delhi, India - 31.181.376 inhabitants
Delhi is a city and a union territory of India that contains New Delhi, the capital of India. The urban area of Delhi includes the neighboring satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida in an area called the National Capital Region (NCR), being the second largest urban area in the world. Delhi is the second richest city in India after Mumbai and is home to 18 billionaires and 23.000 millionaires.
Delhi ranks fifth among Indian states and Union territories in the human development index, having the second highest GDP per capita in India. Delhi has great historical significance as an important commercial, transport and cultural center as well as the political center of India.
Delhi is one of the oldest cities in the world and has been inhabited continuously since the XNUMXth century BC. Throughout most of its history, Delhi has served as the capital of various kingdoms and empires, especially the Tomarii, Chahamanas, the Sultanate of Delhi and the Mughals.
It is also believed to be the location of Indraprastha, the capital of Pandavas in the Mahabharata era. The city has been captured, looted and rebuilt several times, especially in medieval times, and modern Delhi is a group of several cities spread across the metropolitan region.
For many centuries Delhi has been a dominant trading center in northern India and, since the 1990s, has emerged as a major hub in the international corporate and financial network.
A territory of the union, the political administration of the NCT in Delhi today resembles more that of a state in India. It has its own legislature, the high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a chief minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the Federal Government of India and the local government of Delhi.
Delhi hosted the 1951 inaugural Asian Games, the 1982 Asian Games, the 1983 NAM Summit, the 2010 Men's Hockey World Cup, the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the main host cities for the Cricket World Cup in 2011.
Tokyo, Japan - 37.339.804 inhabitants
Tokyo, officially Tokyo Metropolis, is the de facto capital and most populous prefecture in Japan. Located in the Gulf of Tokyo area, the prefecture is part of the Kantō region, located on the central Pacific coast on the main Japanese island of Honshu. Tokyo is the political and economic center of the country, as well as the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the national government. The Greater Tokyo area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with over 37 million residents starting in 2020.
Originally a fishing village called Edo, the city became an important political center in 1603, when it became the seat of the Tokugawa shogunate.
In the middle of the XNUMXth century, Edo was one of the most populous cities in the world. It had over a million inhabitants.
After the end of the shogunate in 1868, the imperial capital of Kyoto was moved to the city, which was renamed Tokyo (literally "eastern capital").
Tokyo was devastated by the Great Kantō earthquake of 1923 and again by Allied bombing during World War II. Beginning in the 1950s, the city was quickly rebuilt and expanded, leading to Japan's post-war economic recovery. Since 1943, the Tokyo metropolitan government has administered the 23 special sections of the prefecture (formerly Tokyo), various western bed towns and two peripheral island chains.