April 5 in aviation: launch of the Space Shuttle Columbia STS-37; launch of Space Shuttle Discovery STS-131.
On April 5, 1907, the first flight of the Blériot V monoplane took place. Louis Blériot was at the helm of the aircraft.
Blériot V was an early French aircraft built by Louis Blériot in 1907. Although Blériot made only a few short flights in it, the second resulting in an accident that damaged the aircraft without repairs, it was the first of its experimental aircraft to obtain a result.
Louis Blériot previously worked in partnership with Gabriel Voisin. These aircraft were unsuccessful, and after the last of these aircraft - Bleriot IV - was damaged in an attempt to fly it in November 1906, the partnership was dissolved. Blériot set up Recherches Aéronautiques Louis Blériot to carry out experiments with aircraft on his own.
Other aviation events on April 5.
The first unmanned aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force GAF Pikas, also known as Project "C", crashed in Australia.
On April 5, 1951, the first unmanned aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force GAF Pikas, also known as Project "C", A92-1, C-1, "P", crashed at Woomera, Australia, being completely destroyed. . The second prototype was exhibited at the RAAF Museum in Point Cook. The production drones will be built as GAF Jindiviks.
The first flight of the Aero L-29 Dolphin.
On April 5, 1959, the first flight of the Aero L-29 Delfín took place. Aero L-29 Dolphin (English: Dolphin, NATO name reported: Maya) is a military training jet developed and manufactured by the Czechoslovak aviation manufacturer Aero Vodochody. It is the first locally designed and built jet aircraft, as well as the largest industrial aircraft program to take place in the member countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON), with the exception of the Soviet Union.
Launch of the Space Shuttle Columbia STS-37.
On April 5, 1991, the Columbia STS-37 Space Shuttle was launched at 09:22:44 EST. Highlights of the mission were the deployment of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory.
Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311 crashed near Brunswick.
On April 5, 1991, Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311, an Embraer 120RT Brasilia, crashed near Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 people on board the aircraft, including former Texas Senator John Tower, his daughter, but and astronaut Sonny Carter.
The first flight of the Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules.
On April 5, 1996, the Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules flew. Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules is a turboprop military transport aircraft with four engines. The C-130J is a comprehensive upgrade to the Lockheed C-130 Hercules, with new engines, flight deck and other systems. In February 2018, 400 C-130J aircraft were delivered to 17 countries. The C-130J is the newest version of the C-130 Hercules and the only model still in production.
An Antonov An-26 operated by the 918 Air Transport Regiment crashed near Hanoi.
On April 5, 2008, an Antonov An-26 aircraft operated by the 918th Airborne Regiment crashed near Hanoi in northern Vietnam. All five military pilots on board were killed.
Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery STS-131.
On April 5, 2010, the Space Shuttle Discovery STS-131 was launched at 10:21:22 UTC. Important points of the mission were the ISS 19A assembly flight, the utility and logistics for flight 4, the Leonardo multifunctional logistics module. It was the last nightly launch of the Shuttle program.
Boeing performed the second test flight of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft for recertification.
On April 5, 2013, Boeing conducted a second test flight of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner to show that changes to the 787's lithium-ion battery system solved the problem of battery overheating experienced by Dreamliners earlier this year. The plane, which belonged to LOT Polish Airlines, flew 755 miles (1.216 kilometers) along the west coast of the United States in just two hours without incident.