March 27 in aviation: Traian Vuia started the first flight tests; the biggest accident in aviation history.
On March 27, 1907, the Romanian Traian Vuia started the tests with his plane, Vuia II, newly equipped with steering surfaces. He made a short flight of 10 meters. This first experiment of the second prototype took place in Paris, France.
With an Antoinette engine and a series of modifications, the "Vuia 1" device was transformed into the "Vuia 2", which was patented in 1907, in Belgium. This aircraft had much higher performance, so that in 1907, Traian Vuia managed to fly a distance of 70 meters, at a variable height.
Other aviation events on March 27.
Concorde performed the first supersonic flight.
On 27 March 1970, Concord performed the first supersonic flight. The Concorde project was the result of a government treaty between the French and British governments, combining the efforts of Aerospace and British Aircraft Corporation. A lot of money was pumped into the development of this type of aircraft and it proved to be a great economic failure.
The first flight of de Havilland Canada Dash 7.
On March 27, 1975, the first flight of the de Havilland Canada Dash 7, an aircraft piloted by Bob Fowler, took place. The De Havilland Canada DHC-7, popularly known as the Dash 7, was a regional turboprop aircraft with takeoff and landing performance (STOL). It first flew in 1975 and remained in production until 1988, when the parent company, de Havilland Canada, was bought by Boeing and later sold to Bombardier. Bombardier sold the aircraft design type certificate to Viking Air in Victoria in 2006.
The accident took place at the airport in Tenerife. Two Boeing 747s collided on the runway.
On March 27, 1977, the disaster at Tenerife Airport occurred, when flight KLM 4805 and flight Pan Am 1736, two Boeing 747 aircraft, collided on the runway at Los Rodeos Airport. 583 of the 644 people on board both aircraft are killed in the worst accident in the history of commercial aviation.
British Airways has inaugurated the Concorde service from London to Miami.
On March 27, 1984, British Airways inaugurated the Concorde London-Miami service, which operated twice a week. The flight had a 50-minute stopover at Washington-Dulles Airport. The journey took 6 hours and 35 minutes, saving about 2.5 hours compared to direct subsonic flights. The round-trip fare was £ 2.509.
An Ilyushin IL-76D stopped in the air and crashed near Kabul.
On March 27, 1990, an Ilyushin IL-76D (CCCP-78781) aircraft belonging to the Uzbek Civil Aviation Administration stopped in the air and crashed before reaching Kabul, Afghanistan. All 11 people on board were killed in the crash.
An Angolan government plane was shot down in Angola.
On March 27, 1990, a plane belonging to the Angolan government, a CASA C-212 Aviocar 300 aircraft, was shot down near Kuito, Angola, by UNITA forces, killing all 25 people on board.
A plane created by NASA broke the record for the fastest plane in the world.
On March 27, 2004, the X-43 drone created by NASA. broke the world speed record for an atmospheric engine flying at an average speed of 7.700 km (4.800 mi) per hour, which is seven times the speed of sound.
The last Airbus A300 aircraft left the Airbus assembly line.
On March 27, 2007, the last plane Airbus A300 has left the Airbus assembly line.
On May 29, 1969, at the Paris Motor Show, a historic agreement was signed between the French Minister of Transport, Jean Chamant, and the German Minister of Economic Affairs, Karl Schiller. The challenge was to build a wide-body aircraft to be equipped with 2 jet engines. This is how the Airbus A300 was "born", the model that propelled Airbus Industrie in the top aircraft manufacturers.
The A300 aircraft was assembled in Toulouse, but the parts were manufactured in different factories in Europe. Engines were imported from the United States, wings were manufactured in the UK, tail components were manufactured in Spain, while fuselage components were manufactured in Germany.
The pilot of an aircraft was arrested in Texas after having a panic attack on board the aircraft.
On March 27, 2012, aboard JetBlue Airways flight 191, an Airbus A320-200 aircraft flying from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York to McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada, the co-pilot blocked Captain Clayton Osbon outside the cabin. Osbon later began to act irregularly, apparently suffering a panic attack. The passengers immobilized Osbon, and the plane landed in Amarillo, Texas, where the pilot was arrested.